Experiments on layered materials call for a study of the influence of short-range spin correlations on the Mott transition. To this end, we solve the cellular dynamical mean-field equations for the Hubbard model on a plaquette with continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo calculations. The normal-state phase diagram as a function of temperature T, interaction strength U, and filling n reveals that upon increasing n towards the insulator, there is a surface of first-order transition between two metals at nonzero doping. For T above the critical end line there is a maximum in scattering rate.

%B Physical Review Letters %V 104 %P 226401/1-4 %8 2010 %G eng