enFIChapter 1 Vocabulary31
absolutevalue: The distance that a number is from zero on a number line.
additiveinverse: The opposite or additive inverse of any number "a" is "-a."
algebraicexpression: A mathematical phrase that includes one or more variables.
base: A number that is multiplied repeatedly.
coefficient: The numerical factor when a term has a variable.
constant: A term that has no variable factor.
DistributiveProperty: a(b + c) = ab + ac
elementoftheset: Members of a set.
equation: A mathematical sentence that uses an equal sign.
equivalentexpressions: Algebraic expressions that have the same value for all values of the variable(s).
evaluate:
exponent: To substitute a given number for each variable, and then simplify.
inequality: A mathematical sentence that compares the values of two expressions using an inequality symbol.
integer: Whole numbers and their opposites.
irrationalnumber: A number that cannot be written as a ratio of two integers; nonterminating; nonrepeating.
liketerms: Terms with exactly the same variable factors in a variable expression.
multiplicativeinverse: a/b x b/a = 1
naturalnumber: The counting numbers.
numericalexpression: A mathematical phrase involving numbers and operation symbols, but no variables.
opposite: A number that is the same distance from zero on the number line as a given number, but lies in the opposite direction.
orderofoperations: PEMDAS
perfectsquare: Numbers whose square roots are integers.
power: The base and the exponent of an expression of the form a^n
quantity: Anything that can be measured or counted.
radical: An expression made up of a radical symbol and a radicand.
radicand: The expression under the radical sign.
rationalnumber: A real number that can be written as a ratio of two integers - terminating or repeating.
realnumber: A number that is either rational or irrational.
reciprocal: For the ration a/b reciprocal is b/a.
set: A well-defined collection of elements.
simplify: To replace an expression with its simplest name or form.
solutionofanequation: A solution of a two-variable equation with the variables x and y is any ordered pair (x, y) that makes the equation true.
squareroot: A number "a" such that a^2 = b
subset: A set of consists of elements from the given set.
term: A number, variable, or the product or quotient of a number and one or more variables.
variable: A symbol, usually a letter, that represents one or more numbers.
wholenumber: The nonnegative numbers
Chapter 1 Vocabulary
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A well-defined collection of elements.
A number that is multiplied repeatedly.
A number, variable, or the product or quotient of a number and one or more variables.
The base and the exponent of an expression of the form a^n
A set of consists of elements from the given set.
Whole numbers and their opposites.
A term that has no variable factor.
evaluate
To substitute a given number for each variable, and then simplify.
A number that is the same distance from zero on the number line as a given number, but lies in the opposite direction.
Anything that can be measured or counted.
To replace an expression with its simplest name or form.
A symbol, usually a letter, that represents one or more numbers.
Terms with exactly the same variable factors in a variable expression.
A mathematical sentence that compares the values of two expressions using an inequality symbol.
A number that is either rational or irrational.
For the ration a/b reciprocal is b/a.
A number "a" such that a^2 = b
The numerical factor when a term has a variable.
The nonnegative numbers
The distance that a number is from zero on a number line.
The counting numbers.
Numbers whose square roots are integers.
A real number that can be written as a ratio of two integers - terminating or repeating.
The opposite or additive inverse of any number "a" is "-a."
Members of a set.
PEMDAS
A mathematical phrase involving numbers and operation symbols, but no variables.
a(b + c) = ab + ac
A solution of a two-variable equation with the variables x and y is any ordered pair (x, y) that makes the equation true.
Algebraic expressions that have the same value for all values of the variable(s).