enCRMuslim Civilization & Rise of Islam18
Allah : God in Arabic
Muhammad : prophet founder of Islam
Islam : religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad
Muslim : follower of Islam
Hijrah : Muhammad’s migration to Yathrib
Mosque : Islamic house of worship
Hajj : pilgrimage to Mecca
Quran : Holy book of the Muslims
Sunna : guide for proper living
sharia : Islamic system of law
Caliph : means successor or deputy
Umayyads : family that moved the Muslim capital to Damascus.
Shia : group thought caliph should be descendant of the Prophet
Sunni : followers of Muhammad’s example.
Sufi : pursued life of poverty and devotion to spiritual path.
Abbasids: took control of the empire.
alAndalus : extraordonary Muslim state in Spain
Fatimid: Shia caliphate, descent from Prophet daughter Fatima
Wisdom : House of where scholars worked together in Baghdad
Calligraphy : art of beautiful handwriting
Muslim Civilization & Rise of Islam
Shia caliphate, descent from Prophet daughter Fatima
took control of the empire.
guide for proper living
pursued life of poverty and devotion to spiritual path.
followers of Muhammad’s example.
group thought caliph should be descendant of the Prophet